Factors Influencing Cervical Spondylosis



Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative disorder of cervical spine prevalent in our population. The disease advances insidiously that worsens with time. This study aims to highlight the factors influencing cervical spondylosis.


The present case control study was conducted at orthopedic OPD (Out Patient Department) and Radiology department of the Patel hospital from September 2018 to February 2019 after acquiring ethical approval from Ethical Review Committee (ERC) of Bahria University Medical and Dental College and Patel Hospital. The study enrolled 88 cases suffering from cervical spondylosis based on history and clinical examination and 88 controls i.e., healthy attendants. The radiography of cervical spine was used to assess degenerative changes of cervical spine. They were asked basic history entailing age, gender, working hours, nature of job, use of computers, mobiles. The independent t-test was used for comparison between these variables, and Fischer exact test and Chi square test was employed to find association between them.


The study revealed a significant preponderance of females (56.8%) with shorter stature (159.14±8.88) in patients. There was a predilection for cases in outdoor workers (44.3%) and homemakers (43.2%) as well as increased working hours (73.9%). The mobile use had a significant impact (59.1%) on disease.


Considering factors like Middle Ages, females, short stature, obesity, outdoor workers and house workers with increased working hours and use of mobiles for more than 4 hours can influence development of cervical spondylosis. One can intervene in the progression of disease by adopting healthy lifestyle to prevent it.


Cervical Spondylosis; Cervical Radiculopathy; Myelopathy; Neck Pain; Body Height; Spine.


Volume 9 Issue-2 2020
DOI https://doi.org/10.36283/PJMD9-2/007
Publisher Name Ziauddin University
  • Syeda Bushra Ahmed
  • Aisha Qamar
  • Ayesha Saba Naz
    • Department of Anatomy, Bahria University Medical and Dental College
  • Iffat Raza
    • Department of Anatomy, Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Muhammad Fawad Saeeduddin3,
    • Department of Research, Jinnah Sindh Medical University,
  • Sarwath Fatimee
    • Department of Anatomy, Fatima Jinnah Dental College, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan