The 2015-2016 Zika Virus Outbreak caused global concern. A study was done to assess knowledge about viral hemorrhagic fevers amongst healthcare professionals, which found only 57% doctors knew clinical features of hemorrhagic viral fever. The aim of this research was to assess the knowledge of physicians as well as the need for continuous medical education.
A cross-sectional study was conducted on doctors working or undergoing postgraduate training in a private tertiary care hospital. A sample size of n=91 was reached after including most of the doctors working in these hospitals in the department of medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics. Data was collected through self-administered questionnaire. Convenience sampling technique was employed. Informed oral consent was taken before administration of questionnaire. Analysis was done on SPSS version 20.
The doctors included in the study were from the departments of internal medicine, which were 46.2% (42), pediatrics, which were 19.8% (18), and gynecology and obstetrics. Only 17.6% (n=16) participants knew that the Zika virus can affect pregnant women in any trimester. If pregnant woman is infected only 65.9% (n=60) of all doctors were aware of the fact that it can cause microcephaly in the infants. Thus, 44% (n=40) of the participants demonstrated correct knowledge that Zika virus is associated with the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS).
Our study determined that although many doctors demonstrated good knowledge regarding the clinical features of Zika virus, they had poor knowledge regarding the prevention of spread of disease.
Zika Virus; Epidemic; Knowledge; Doctors.
- Zawwar Reza
- Abdul Ahad Sohail
- Mujeeb U Rehman
- Syed Fahad Ali Kazmi
- Mahad Amjad
- Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.